Einstein's Time Dilation genius idea... unveils the substance of time
Einstein baffles us asserting "time" is not running at the same rate everywhere.
Einstein mathematics show that the time given by a clock depends on that clock relative speed with respect to an observer.
This phenomenon called "time dilation" amounts to the alteration of "time" with "relative speed" or motion
There is also
(For detailed explanation, bring mouse pointer over underlined text)
A scientist from CERN told me that due to gravity time dilation, a clock at the top of a building runs faster than at the bottom. As such, he told me, whether there is motion or not is not the point! And along with it the contents of this internet page is irrelevant!
My answer to that argument is that in accordance with Einstein's equivalence principle, which states that gravitation is equivalent to acceleration, objects higher in altitude are less accelerated (have less motion) than those at a lower altitude.
You might argue that while standing in one place on earth one is not accelerated and cannot be moving.
Yet Einstein explains how in an elevator, which is going up, one feels the accelerated motion and that feeling is undistinguishable from the pressure we feel under our feet just standing at rest on earth. In other words being in one place at rest on earth is equivalent as being accelerated or in motion upward.
In short gravity is nothing else than disguised motion. Hence the word gravimotion by the way... anyway, gravity-time dilation is nothing else than disguised motion-time dilation; and the contents of this page, which goal is to discredit time in favor of motion, is right on target.
Einstein's prediction made in the early 20th century has been verified experimentally by Hafele and Keating in 1971
and confirmed over and over since.
The experiments consisted of identical atomic clocks, some flying in planes around the globe and a reference clock left on the ground playing the role of the observer; the time differences coincided precisely to Einstein's calculations!
These experiments if any reinforce our belief that "time" exists!
The consensus is that the "time" (given by a flying clock) is altered by the motion
(of the plane).
As shown next, I think these very experiments do instead challenge our human concept of time!
The physical experiments, which match Einstein mathematics, actually suggest that the overall motion
of a clock is altering mechanically its inner physical clockwork motion mechanism
While evident, this interpretation is not mentioned by physicists though; and it does not appear in treatises of physics either!
Worse (as far as this author is concerned) the idea is denied outright by physicists...
Claiming the clockwork
, rather than "time", is altered by the clock’s overall motion
is integral part of gravimotion interpretation of Nature; as in gravimotion motion
replaces both "time" and "space", and for physicists who would read these words, motion
would embody Einstein's mathematical space-time.
Now supposing motion
is physical as thought in gravimotion, Einstein's discovery suggests that physical motion
is acting on physical motion
; an assertion not contradicting Einstein mathematics, yet far from the conventional interpretation involving "relative speed", an "observer" and "time".
While physics' mathematics describes the phenomenon with great accuracy, physics'mathematics doesn't provide a clue about the nature
of that phenomenon, which is motion on motion interaction
and which does not need any "observer" to occur!
Gravimotion's physical argument
The physical experiments illustrate Einstein's mathematical work:
- A clock on the ground is used as reference for "time".
- The "time" given by a clock in motion with respect to the reference clock, differs from the "time" given by that reference clock.
Now because the plane takes off the surface of earth, both flying and reference clocks are also animated with earth's underlying motions
The underlying motion of both clocks
include earth's daily spin but also all of earth's other underlying movements, which are earth's yearly revolution around the sun, the motion of the sun within the milky way galaxy, the motion of that galaxy of ours within the universe and finally the expansion of the universe itself.
In the following, in addition or besides the underlying motion common to both clocks
, I am using the words: a clock's clockwork inner motion mechanism
, rather than the words "time given by a clock".
As shown next all of the underlying motions
, starting from the universe's expansion in sequence all the way up to the motion
of the plane in the experiment, alter negatively the inner motion mechanism
of the flying clock.
- To start with the inner motion mechanism of a clock with the added motion of a plane flying eastward is slower than the inner motion mechanism of the clock (also in motion) on the ground.
- Then the faster the underlying motion of the flying clock (the faster the plane) the slower that flying clock inner motion mechanism.
- At the limit, should the plane reach speed of light, Einstein's theory predicts that "time" would stop!
In this new interpretation the clock's inner motion mechanism instead would freeze; the physical argument is that should some of the clock internal components be still moving, their motion would add to the overall movement of the clock, a combination resulting in a motion faster than light; yet according to Einstein's very same theory nothing can reach speed of light.
The clock's physical inner motion mechanism has to stall physically while its underlying motion is getting closer to speed of light!
One might argue...
One might argue that no matter its design a clockwork mechanism, which provides time, is always made of one or more cyclic motions that are repetitive back and forth motions; the pendulum, the hands of the clock, the electrons circling motions in the cesium atom are all back and forth motions.
As such one might argue that, in the time dilation experiments, the overall motion of the clock should alter the backward motions of the clockwork in the same amount but in the opposite direction than it does the clockwork forth motions; that would cancel on average any change occurring on the clockwork motion mechanism; which contradicts time dilation physical experiments.
And that would refute the postulation made in this page that the overall motion of the clock alters the clockwork mechanism rather than time.
But that is not the case; the alteration due to an added motion toward light speed is greater than the alteration due to the same motion subtracted in the opposite direction or away from light speed.
In the end, whether one considers the pendulum, the hands of the clock, or the circling electrons, the part of that cyclic motion which is accelerated toward speed of light is slowed more than the other part of that cyclic motion is quickened.
And the postulation made in this page that the closer to light speed the clockwork overall motion, the slower the inner clockwork motion mechanism, remains valid.
While the above fits Einstein mathematics it departs from the conventional interpretation of "time dilation"; in the end the clock's inner motion mechanism
, rather than "time", is mechanically altered in accordance with Einstein's calculations!
Most importantly, this new interpretation (gravimotion's interpretation) unveils the elegant simplicity of Nature that is its unity
, as compared to our human conventional interpretation of it.
In gravimotion's interpretation only one physical entity is at play that is motion
; ultimately motion
replaces "time"; by contrast in our minds as in science 3 very distinct entities and concepts are at play in that alleged "time dilation"; they are "relative speed", "observer" and "time".
Time does not run clocks, clockworks do!
In a grand-father clock the source of motion
is a weight originally made of a stone attached to the gears by a rope and falling from top to bottom of the clock, and that is motion
activated through gravity not through "time".
In the atomic clock the source of motion
is the cesium-133 atom's resonating frequency; that is an oscillating cyclic motion
depending on the electrons' orbital and charge, and not on "time".
Also depending on a source of motion
, rather than "time", are the spring and battery activated watches.
About our human predefined understanding of Nature
Should a clock stops running, time continues running; obviously time does not run clocks, time is nevertheless derived from clocks; it shows how lenient is our interpretation of Nature when that suits us, even in science!
Such fallacy is no doubt due to our human predefined interpretation of Nature; we unconditionally believe that time exists.
Because "time" does not run clocks, and because an internal motion mechanism
does, the evidence (that is "time dilation" experiments) is that the overall motion
of a clock alters its internal motion mechanism
rather than controlling "time" as claimed in science!
Time and our day-to-day lives
As far as our day-to-day lives are concerned, time remains indispensable.
Even if time does not exist in reality, we cannot do without clocks!
And physics' mathematical interpretation of Nature cannot do either without this "t" abstract symbol of time.
No matter the sophistication of our thinking, that is whether layperson or scientist, time remains indispensable in our lives and minds!
In the gravimotion world the internal motion
mechanism dependency on the overall motion
of the clock, is a dependency that is first recognized then taken most seriously.
It turns out that motion physical interaction on motion
leads straight into a unified interpretation of Nature! A feast, by the way, that theoretical physics seeks desperately to achieve.